5G technology is a new generation mobile technology that removes problems such as gigabyte data speed, millisecond delays, an ultra-high network security requirement, and perfect connection intensity. When 5G technology is used correlated with IoT technology, it provides speed, security, and optimization opportunities, especially for businesses.
The last study which IoT Analytics has made upon 5G technology reveals that 44 different implementation conditions of IoT technology, and it is estimated that these will lead to 76 million 5G network connections until 2025. In this article, the most notable IoT technology- based scenarios are highlighted.
Automotive and transportation are anticipated to become leading sectors in adopting 5G network and IoT technology applications. There are currently IoT technology applications having millions of automobiles using telematics implementations such as vehicle recognition, location pursuit, and user-based insurances. These IoT technology applications generally work in the way that transmission of non-real data with little volumes collected from vehicles. Currently, the data transmission in IoT technologies is ensured by conventional cellular technologies (2G, 3G, & 4G networks) without any performance issues.
In the meantime, the quick data transfer facility that 5G technology provides is ensuring a quicker data processing opportunity as well.
For instance, 5G technology procures some advantages such as much quicker data collection detailedly about vehicle performance and drivers’ behaviors real-timely and providing new & more complicated services.
There will be planned closures of old generation technologies as mobile communication networks known as 2G and 3G technologies in many regions of the world. LTE technology is currently used technology that grids and infrastructures support will continue to be used as leading mobile connection technics for IoT technology applications in near future. For the next few years, it is expected that lots of IoT technology and vehicle telematics applications will support both LTE and 5G technologies.
For instance, Harman Company has announced that the “Connected Car” solution which is ready for 5G & IoT technology applications.
The in-vehicle infotainment systems are frameworks that provide infotainment services such as the vehicle condition, current traffic situations, or weather conditions to drivers and passengers. Since these systems require further and quicker data transmission, 5G technology will be contributing much to this field.
When it is compared with current technologies, 5G technology provides more opportunities to improve and activate new applications such as IoT technology applications, AR/VR based navigation systems, and entertainment services.
In near future, it seems more possible to be used of external devices, i.e with mobile grids through cellphones, for in-vehicle infotainment systems. Moreover, 5G technology-supported cellphones will technologically become prominent soon. On the other hand, with the devices directly connected to the internet, named “connected car”, become widespread, 5G technology is going to be mandatory for in-vehicle infotainment systems.
For instance, Nissan & NTT DoCoMo companies have been testing the AR & 5G supported driving.
5G technology is having great importance especially for smart electricity grids’ real-time management and automation with IoT technology in the energy and public service sectors. The IoT technology solutions upon energy consumption have been aiming at optimizing the operations and maintenance times by quickly detecting and responding to malfunctions in the grids.
The public service managers have been advancing the grids to integrate the electrical charge stations with renewable energy sources and automatizing the operations more with new sensors & control systems on IoT technology applications.
It is expected from 5G technology to be adopted considerably on IoT technology applications compared to other alternatives because of its quicker and more flexible construction.
For example, Nokia Company has developed that 5G technology-based URLLC (Ultra- Reliable Low-Latency Communication) for IoT technology-based smart grid circuits.
In the industry sector, a consensus has emerged that 5G technology is the most convenient technology to provide a connection to industrial robotics which have some mobility levels such as static collaborator robots that are important branches of IoT technology applications and autonomous tapped vehicles.
These robots that are capable of various duties such as moving situational, becoming smarter with technological developments, carrying and maintenance of goods independently are supposed to process an increasing amount of data.
In the meantime, inserting sufficient processing capacity in these robots might be difficult and expensive, especially for small robots.
5G technology can help to solve these problems in IoT technology applications. Thanks to reduced delay time and high reliability of 5G technology, transaction transfers to the cloud-based servers will be easier and therefore, hardware complication and cost will be minimized as well.
For instance, Ericsson Company has been trying 5G technology on IoT technology systems in Audi Factory to connect wireless production robots to the internet.
Video Supervision and Analytic are other applications that are expected to be developing with 5G technology. Due to enhancing threats on public service safety in recent years, a lot of governments & municipalities in the world have been investing in public service supervision, and security systems and these investments are expected to grow rapidly in the future.
Currently, most of the general video supervision systems are still trusting cabled connections; however, adopting wireless communications such as Wi-Fi or cellular have been gaining popularity since they have easier & quicker installation, and lower costs in a general manner compared to cabled networks. Even though Wi-Fi is the preferred method in static CCTV camera systems, cellular network, particularly LTE network, is more popular in temporary static configurations and mobile devices.
As LTE networks have a good performance in accessing remotely live and recorded HD videos, if 5G technology is adopted, it is going to provide performance enhancement for more complicated video content analysis in real-time and locating numerous cameras as well.
For instance, Samsung and KDDI companies have been exhibiting the real-time transfer of IoT technology-based supervision video through 5G technology.
In the medium and long term, the biggest impact expected from 5G technology is to provide sharing real-time information about traffic and road conditions among vehicles with IoT technology-based systems.
The mobility upon new collaboration and the driver support service systems are for both private and public transportations. In addition to the intervehicular communication, it requires composing an IoT & 5G technology-based infrastructure consisting of wayside sensors and base stations. As to this infrastructure, it is known as Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication theoretically.
Now, as cellular-based Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications are being supported in LTE networks as a part of 3GPP Rel-14 and 15, it is going to be introduced as 5G technology and IoT technologies based V2X, and a part of 3GPP Rel-16 set that will be released in 2021.
The IoT technology applications such as Smart Transportation Systems may increase the traffic by analyzing real-time traffic data collected from wayside infrastructure and vehicles on roads, and warning about critical circumstances on time in terms of traffic blocks and security.
For example, SK Telecom Company has been building IoT technology-based smart transportation systems having 5G network features in Seoul.