Depending on the advancements in industry and technology, Industry 4.0 terms such as artificial intelligence, virtual reality, augmented reality and big data became more heard of. As in every industrial revolution, companies that want to comply with the new order find themselves in this transformation process. Industry 4.0 is a concept supported by the German Government and first heard at the Hannover Fair in 2011. The biggest success in this process is creation of unmanned dark factories. As it is known, the need for manpower is gradually decreasing while the world population, which was 3 billion in the 1960s, exceeds 7.78 billion by 2020. Therefore, the acceleration of production and mechanization gains great importance to meet the needs of the increasing population. With digital transformation, not only production lines but processes from planning to production, from production to distribution can be controlled. The important matter is to consolidate pinpoint determinations with data collected from the field for the development of these digital muscles. The potential financial value of digitalization is estimated to be between 6.3 and 9.8% of total annual revenues by 2025. It is a fact that finance is one of the most important elements that made the digital revolution possible. According to the results of the Global Digital Transformation Survey Report 2018, 69% of the manufacturing companies surveyed, started their transformation programs. 40% of the institutions in the production sector indicate increasing efficiency as their focus.
Making important business decisions based on objective data helps. The widespread use of data analysis platforms, the increasing widespread use of business analytics applications and the development of data collection tools are the most important factors of this transformation due to The Internet of Things. One of the most prominent benefits of digitalization is the increase in the meaningfulness of the data obtained and the fact that these meaningful data support business efficiency, resource use and making decisions that will have positive results in terms of customer satisfaction. At the same time, it eliminates the costs in all traditionally prepared filing processes, ensuring that they are transferred to digital environment and that documents are stored and managed securely. The efficiency opportunities that can be obtained in numbers, rather than the efficiency that can be gained from operational processes are;
By monitoring the Total Equipment Effectiveness, companies can expect a maximum increase of 15% when machines approach the optimum operating curve. Regarding energy efficiency, the regulatory bodies declare that there is an energy saving potential of 30% in industry, 46% in residences and 20% in commercial buildings. One of the most important steps to be taken in this regard is to analyze and control the energy. Remote energy monitoring, active - reactive energy monitoring, reporting and analysis of the energy consumption have become easier compared to past systems with huge data infrastructures to store data and that is all thanks to IoT technologies.